In order to get the best results from your morning skincare routine, it’s important to do three things: choose the best products for your skin type, use them in the right order, and apply them correctly. Doing so every morning will give you maximum benefit throughout the day while your skin is subjected to pollution, harmful UV rays, and other environmental stressors.
In this post, you’ll learn the exact order you should be applying your products in for the perfect morning skincare routine. I’ve also included some helpful tips and frequently asked questions to clear up any confusion you might have—once and for all.
First, Some Best Practices for Your Morning Skincare Routine
- You always want to perform your routine quickly, especially after cleansing. You have a one minute window to get your toner on before water evaporation occurs.
- Your morning skincare routine will be slightly different than what you do at night because of the different needs your skin has. Daytime is about protection, and nighttime is all about repair. (Learn about a nighttime routine.)
- The main focus of your morning routine should be: “How can I make sure my skin is best protected from daylight?“
- When using an acne spot-treatment in the morning, it’s best to use one that is formulated to be compatible with makeup. You want to avoid ones that pill or ball up.
- Many sunscreens used during the day can pill or ball up when a liquid foundation is applied after. You’ll have to find one that doesn’t make this happen.
- Facial oils are not ideal to use in the morning because they can interfere with your sunscreen and make it less protective. Skin oils in their pure form may dissolve your sunscreen throughout the day, similar to the way that your skin’s own natural oils can.
- Always choose products for your morning skincare routine that are made for your skin type. I believe there are nine different types of skin.
Did You Know That Your skin function Changes From Morning to Night?
In the Morning and During Daylight Hours:
- Water content in the cells is the highest
- Your skin’s protective barrier function is increased to provide a defense against environmental stressors
- This means skincare products are being deflected and are less likely to penetrate than at night
- The skin’s natural antioxidant protection is increased
- Mitochondrial energy needed for cell health is lowest in the morning and late afternoon
- Cell growth and production is decreased
- DNA protection is increased
In What Order Should I Apply My Skincare Products in the Morning?
Step 1: Wash With a Cleanser
Cleansing is a key step for the performance of your daytime products and you don’t want to get this step wrong. Learn why you should never skip washing your face in the morning.
In the morning, I recommend using a gentle, sulfate-free foaming cleanser as they use surfactants that can cut through oils without leaving the skin feeling tight or dry. Once done cleansing, immediately go to your next step. Don’t wait. Work fast!
Step 2: Use an Alcohol-Free Toner
Toners are misunderstood, but they are very important to use and do serve many beneficial purposes for your skin.
The benefits of using an alcohol-free toner:
- When left damp on the skin, they give your skin a drink of moisture before applying serum or moisturizer. This helps prevent dehydration.
- Removes drying chlorine and minerals found in tap water.
- Balances the PH of the skin.
- Enhances absorption of your serum when used beforehand
- Supports your skin’s natural protective barrier. (Read how you might be destroying your skin’s barrier)
Apply all over the face using a thin toning cloth to avoid wasting product, and leave damp. Immediately go to your next step.
Step 3: Layer on an Antioxidant Serum That Contains Vitamin C
The next step for applying your skincare products in the morning is to use an antioxidant serum. All experts agree that using a well-formulated vitamin C serum in conjunction with your sunscreen is the most effective way to protect your skin cells from environmental damage caused by UV daylight, pollution, and debris.
Apply a dime-size amount and spread it over the entire face and neck. Since your skin is damp from your toner, this should make for easy spreadability. Let the serum absorb for sixty seconds before applying moisturizer.
What kind of vitamin C serum is best?
When it comes to choosing a vitamin C serum, formulations will vary greatly. While the most bio-available (fastest-acting) form is water-soluble L-Ascorbic acid, it is highly unstable and oxidizes quickly. This is why when you first buy a bottle it’s clear in color and after a while, it turns to a shade of copper.
L-Ascorbic acid can also be irritating if your skin is sensitive, especially if you’re using retinol or prescription retinoids. I am not a big fan of this type of vitamin C because you have to put a really high percentage of it in the product and then cross your fingers that some of it ends up working on the skin—without causing irritation.
I prefer esters of vitamin C, which are oil-soluble forms (no worries, that doesn’t mean they are pore clogging), and liposomal delivery systems. Oil-soluble forms of vitamin C are generally retained longer in the epidermal layers, providing prolonged benefits while staying stable and not causing sensitivity. These types are what I have chosen to use in my vitamin C serum. You can see visual proof that it works.
Step 4: Apply a Moisturizer That Contains Sunscreen
Next up in your morning skincare routine is sunscreen. This is the most important part of your daytime routine and a step that creates confusion for many people.
Most sunscreens (which are FDA-approved drugs) are formulated with the same type of ingredients as moisturizers by using emollients, occlusives, and humectants. This is why a sunscreen feels like a moisturizer consistency when applied to the skin. Due to FDA requirements, you’ll read things on the bottle like, “Apply 15 minutes before sun exposure. Reapply after 40 minutes of swimming or sweating. Repeat every two hours.” I believe this type of language leads people to not think of it as a daily moisturizer but a separate product from their moisturizer, so many people think they need both a moisturizer AND a sunscreen in the morning.
As long as you’re using a sunscreen formula that feels like it’s giving the right amount of moisture you need, and you can tolerate the scent (some smell very sunscreen-y), it can be used every day as your morning moisturizer. Granted, some do pill up and aren’t so compatible with liquid foundation. You just have to find the best one that works for you and that you’ll commit to using as part of your morning skincare routine.
Are you making this sunscreen mistake?
Where people go wrong is by using an additional non-sunscreen moisturizer or a facial oil under or over sunscreen. This may very well be interfering with the effectiveness of your sun protection. Oils used in their pure form, or when used in a regular moisturizer, could be dissolving and breaking down your sunscreen without you realizing it.
As mentioned above, sunscreens will usually give you moisture so you need to find one that gives you the amount you need. You don’t want to mess with the efficacy of your sunscreen, so I prefer to think of them as a 2-in-1 type of product. Trust me, it’s a lot easier and less expensive to prevent lines, wrinkles, and brown spots then it is to get rid of them once they appear.
Read how to apply sunscreen to the face and neck. (There’s more to it than you think.)
Physical or Chemical: What kind of sunscreen is best?
I believe one that uses both physical and chemical blockers is giving the best of both worlds by providing skin protection inside and out. Oxybenzone is a common chemical sunscreen that is deemed “harmful” by some. However, most everyone agrees that more studies are needed before that conclusion can be drawn. For chemical sunscreens, I generally avoid using it and prefer octinoxate instead. Read the differences between chemical and physical sunscreens.
What if I’ll be outdoors exercising and sweating?
Read these sweat-proof sunscreen tricks.
Step 5: Apply Eye Cream (Optional)
The reason why I say this is optional is that some eye creams use rich oils and can feel greasy. If you’re a makeup wearer, this could cause mascara on your lower lashes to bleed onto the skin. A better choice is to use a lightweight cream or gel in the morning, which will wear better during the day.
I personally don’t use eye cream in the morning because I like my sunscreen to cover the under-eye area. Instead, I’ll dab on my Vitamin C Eye Brightener when I first wake up to give a brightening effect. Then, I’ll just wash it off when I shower. The thirty minutes I’ve had it on allowed it to refresh my eyes.
If you want to use an eye cream, find a concealer or powder that has physical sunscreen ingredients (titanium dioxide or zinc oxide) and apply that over the eye product. When using a physical sunscreen, always use as the last step.
Step 6: Apply an Acne Spot Treatment (Optional)
There is definitely confusion about the order in which to apply a blemish spot treatment during your morning skincare routine. If you apply it before your sunscreen moisturizer, even if you let it dry, your moisturizer will re-wet it and break it down. This causes it to lose its effectiveness since it has now smeared all over the face where blemishes aren’t present.
Here is how I recommend you use it in the morning to get the best benefit:
- Using a damp cotton swab or tissue, wipe the blemish or broken out area to remove the skincare products that were just applied.
- Apply the acne spot treatment and let it dry.
- Lightly pat (don’t rub) a tiny amount of sunscreen back over the affected area.
- Proceed with concealer over the blemish, if you choose to wear it. Ideally, your concealer would have sun protection in it. A mineral-based one is the best.
Step 7: Proceed With Makeup
I believe that some sort of liquid foundation makeup or powder should be used on the face every single day. People think they should occasionally give their skin a break from wearing makeup, and I think this is wrong. Makeup plays an important supporting role in your morning skincare routine. Read why here.
Frequently Asked Questions
How Do I Reapply Sunscreen Mid-Day? (Yes, You Should be Doing This!)
You’ve always heard that you should reapply sunscreen every two hours, right? Well, that holds true more so if you’re actually outside in direct contact with the sun. If it’s a normal weekday and you’re mostly inside, then the two-hour rule is not necessary. Instead, use a mineral-based, SPF-infused powder and lightly dust your skin at least once during daylight hours. Oilier skin like skin types #1, #2, #3 and #4 should probably repeat this one extra time during the day since oil degrades sunscreen activity. ColoreScience makes a nice one but is limited in shades, so it’s not going to match every skin tone. Look for a powder that uses the ingredients titanium dioxide or zinc oxide. Even if it doesn’t indicate an SPF number, it just means the brand chose not to get it FDA-approved as a sunscreen. However, titanium dioxide and zinc oxide will provide protection from the harmful daylight rays given off by the sun.
I Have a Prescription for a Topical Acne Medication. When Would I Use That in My Routine?
Consult with your doctor as to when might apply your prescription during your morning skincare routine. However, many of them can be used in your nighttime routine. If it’s a spot treatment, you would wipe away the area that you want to use it and apply it as your last step. Again, your main focus during the day is all about protecting your skin from UV light.
What is Your Opinion on Layering Serums?
I believe that rotating serums on different nights instead of layering them will give you the best results. This is because the skin can only absorb so much, and you might be wasting money if a product can’t deliver its full potential.
In summary, if you perform your daily routine in the right order and using products for your skin type, you’ll get the very best results for your skin. You are one of these nine skin types and you can take this Skin Type Quiz to find out which one. You can also schedule a consultation with an esthetician if you’re needing additional guidance.
Celebrity Esthetician & Skincare Expert
As an esthetician trained in cosmetic chemistry, Renée Rouleau has spent 30 years researching skin, educating her audience, and building an award-winning line of products. Trusted by celebrities, editors, bloggers, and skincare obsessives around the globe, her vast real-world knowledge and constant research are why Marie Claire calls her “the most passionate skin practitioner we know.”