Updated 1/11/21 Do you ever get a winter face rash like this on the lower part of your face and wonder what’s causing it? Every winter, without fail, people contact me and say, “The skin on my face, chin and neck is getting rough, dry and red. What do you think this is from?” When the skin flares up, there are so many factors to consider — not just the products you’re using, but habits and lifestyle as well.
A Common Cause For This Red, Bumpy Winter Face Rash Is…
When I saw this cry for help from Lindsey, a beauty editor, on Instagram stories, I had to step in and try to figure it out for her. Since I knew she was in New York where the weather was 14° F and windy, I asked her this simple question: “Have you been wearing a wool scarf to cover your face?” She immediately replied back, “OMG, yes!” and attached a photo of her scarf’s label, which read “100% wool.”
So there you go, it turns out her wool scarf was the cause of this face rash.
Why Does a Wool Scarf Cause a Face Rash?
For starters, your skin has a barrier made up of natural lipids that help keep moisture in and irritants out. When this barrier is damaged (due to extremely cold winter temps or any of these other reasons), it creates tiny, invisible cracks in the skin. These cracks allow moisture to escape, leading to dryness and flakiness.
If wool or a wool-like material is then rubbing up against this already vulnerable skin, it exacerbates the problem and causes an inflammatory response. This is because wool fibers create friction that can act as an additional irritant, causing further damage to the skin’s protective barrier. For Lindsey, it caused red bumps that she thought might be acne. (Can you imagine if she then started drying out her skin with acne products to get rid of it? Ouch! This would have made it so much worse.)
A wool scarf or turtleneck sweater can be particularly irritating on the neck because the skin in this area is so thin to begin with. Wool is even known to trigger eczema and perioral dermatitis flare-ups.
What’s the Best Way to Prevent a Winter Face Rash?
Obviously, you’ll want to avoid wearing clothing made of wool or any other material with scratchy-feeling fibers, especially clothing like turtlenecks and scarves that will be close to your neck and face.
Instead, choose materials that feel very soft to the touch. If you have a favorite wool scarf and just don’t want to give it up, be conscious of not wrapping it too close to the skin. For many people, simply having this new-found awareness allows them to position their scarf in a way that prevents that uncomfortable face rash.
How Can You Soothe and Fix a Winter Face Rash That Caused Red Bumps?
1. Put the fire out.
Once you remove the cause of the face rash, you can quickly get the red bumps to go down by using a soothing, anti-bacterial mask.
2. Fix your skin’s barrier.
You’ll want to use a well-formulated moisturizer that will start to repair the skin’s protective barrier and seal up the invisible cracks so that skin can quickly return to its normal, healthy state.
3. Keep your routine simple.
The less you do to your skin while it’s irritated, the better. A gentle cleanser, alcohol-free toner, and moisturizer (one with sunscreen during the day and one without at night) is the best way to go until the rash subsides.
4. Discontinue the use of exfoliating acids, vitamin C, retinol, and retinoids.
Any time the skin is irritated, you’ll want to temporarily discontinue the use of products that have acidic properties (such as vitamin C) or products that exfoliate the surface layers of the skin and stimulate cell turnover. While products like exfoliating acids, retinol, and prescription retinoids play an important role in keeping your skin looking smooth, they can compound irritation when your skin is already sensitive. That being said, you don’t want to stay off of these products too long or you’ll start losing their great benefits. Add them back into your routine as soon as the skin gets back to normal. For more guidance, read my beginner’s guide to exfoliation and my beginner’s guide to retinol and prescription retinoids.
Knowledge is power, so I hope this provides some new insight into why your skin might be unusually dry and rashy this winter. If you still experiencing irritation, make sure you’re avoiding these five common winter mistakes. If your nose is always dry and flaky, here’s how to get it to stop.
Celebrity Esthetician & Skincare Expert
As an esthetician trained in cosmetic chemistry, Renée Rouleau has spent 30 years researching skin, educating her audience, and building an award-winning line of products. Trusted by celebrities, editors, bloggers, and skincare obsessives around the globe, her vast real-world knowledge and constant research are why Marie Claire calls her “the most passionate skin practitioner we know.”